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Frog Calls and Look Alike Species: A Detective Story

Presentation by Carl Gerhardt, PhD, University of Missouri & NatureView Media

Photo of a gray treefrog (Hyla versicolor). Copyright by Carl Gerhardt.

Photo of a gray treefrog (Hyla versicolor). Copyright by Carl Gerhardt.

Time and Place

Tuesday, March 13, 2018
7:00 pm

Les Bourgeois Vineyards Bistro
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Presentation by Carl Gerhardt, PhD, University of Missouri and NatureView Media

Tuesday, March 13, 2018

The Bistro Restaurant is now closed on Tuesday, but the bar will be open. You ARE welcome to come early, bring some food and gather with friends before the presentation. Speaker Series attendees are welcome after 5 p.m. 

Missouri has an abundance of frogs that depend on pools and ponds in the floodplain of the Missouri and other rivers and streams.

Carl Gerhardt, a retired biologist with the University of Missouri-Columbia who has been studying frog vocal communication, will discuss the fascinating story of the common gray treefrog. It turns out that what we know as the common gray treefrog is at least two different species that can only be told apart by differences in the male call.

Carl discovered the properties of the call that are used by females to recognize males of their own species and to even distinguish among those males to select males that provide “good genes” to her offspring. He’ll share the story of his discovery as a detective story. The latest puzzle regards the evolutionary origins of one of the two species by a form of “instant” speciation – a doubling of the chromosome number.

Carl will play back and describe the calls of the two species: the eastern gray treefrog (Hyla versicolor), which is a tetraploid (4 sets of chromosomes) and the only species found in Boone County and Cope’s gray treefrog (Hyla chrysoscelis), which is a diploid like all other frog species in the USA and which occurs in the southern and northern parts of the state.

He will also describe his playback experiments to females. By using computer-generated calls, he identified the physical properties of the calls that females not only use to find a male of her species in places where both occur but also to find a male of her own species whose sperm will improve the viability and growth rate of her offspring. He will also describe the discovery of multiple origins of the eastern gray treefrog (yes, there are two, if not three origins) and the probable existence of different species of the Cope’s gray treefrog.

Directions

  • See Entry above for special directions due to Route BB Bridge closure. 
  • Take I-70 to the Rocheport, MO, exit (Exit #115). It’s the first exit east of the Missouri River.
  • Head north toward Rocheport.
  • After about a mile, turn left at the sign for Les Bourgeois Bistro. Follow the signs to the Bistro. You will probably need to park in the lot above the Bistro and walk the trail down.
  • The presentations are held in the lower level. You can either enter at the restaurant entrance then go down the stairs to your left past the bar, or you can follow the walk to the right of the restaurant and enter through a glass door into the lower level.
  • 14020 W. Hwy BB, Rocheport, MO

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Special thanks to Les Bourgeois Vineyards for giving us the opportunity to use their beautiful space overlooking the Missouri River. All speakers are presenting for free! Thank you all for sharing your knowledge with us!

The Big Muddy Speaker Series also takes place monthly in Kansas City and St. Charles.

The Big Muddy Speaker Series is partially funded by the Mo. Dept. of Conservation.